|IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed Archiver|
IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed was generated at Pacific News IndyWatch.
NOOSA Papua New Guinea's sports and APEC minister Justin Tkatchenko and his wife Catherine are being frustrated by 178 pesky neighbours and the powerful city council in creating their dream estate in the Brisbane suburb of Brookfield.
The Tkatchenkos intend to build an ornate main dwelling, a three bedroom second dwelling, two pavilions, a large greenhouse, a big gym, an ornamental lake with two fountains, a 25 metre swimming pool, animal stables and a 30 aviary complex for 600 finches.
And now the saga of the property at 15 Upper Brookfield Road that they purchased for $1.77 million in 2015 has made it all the way to the courts.
The Tkatchenkos have lawyered up to fight for their rights as they struggle with Brisbane City Council over what to the naked eye is a lavish multi-million dollar transformation of the mini-estate.
The Brookfield property is a substantial 8.5 acres in area and supplements the Tkatchenkos other $1.1m investment home in the prestigious Brisban...
WATNA MORI | The Interpreter | Lowy Institute
PORT MORESBY - It is not clear when the big-man politics in Papua New Guineas foreign policy began.
It was likely during the prime ministership of Sir Michael Somare in the early 2000s, when he pushed for PNG to be an aid donor to the region.
At the time, and to this day, PNG continues to be Australias largest aid recipient, so Somares aim seemed hugely ironic. The ambition kicked off debates in the national newspapers between Somares cohorts and critics.
With the exit of Somare and the entry of Peter ONeill, the benevolence grew. In 2013, ONeill unveiled the Pacific aid program and proceeded to make donations to various Pacific countries, including a whopping US$18.5 million of funding for the Fiji national elections in 2014.
The ONeill government also needed to deliver on several infrastructure-heavy commitments made in the heat of promised liquefied natural gas (LNG) returns. These included the Melanesian Arts Festival in July 2014 and the South Pacific Games in July 2015.
The Melanesian Arts Festival was a last-minute scramble, hosted in makeshift premises. The South Pacific Games, although heralded a success, went ahead with several venues incomplete.
However, this didnt stop then sports minister Justin Tkatchenko and then Governor-General Sir Michael Ogio from announcing a possible bid for the 2026 Commonwealth Games.
Three years later, some of the South Pacific Games venues are still to be completed, others are not open to the general public and many have been closed temporarily due to unpaid service bills accumulated from the Games.
This is an example of what may happen to the infrastructure being built now to host the APEC summit in November this year, which expects to see leaders from 21 economies, and potentially thousands of officials and delegates, visit Port Moresby.
In the absence of accurate government facts and figures on the ec...
NOOSA Kishti Sen, an economist with the ANZ Banking Group, has offered a mixed message about Papua New Guineas economic prospects.
At a recent business conference in Brisbane he warned companies in PNG to run a tight ship, have lean operations and survive two to three years.
But he reassured them, saying there will be significant returns to be had once the mining recovery starts.
Sen said PNGs growth rate was forecast to be 2% both this year and in 2019, well below PNGs long-term average.
If you look back 27 years, you get long average growth of about 4% a year. So 2% is well below and it means you cant absorb the increase in the labour force to keep unemployment steady.
But he was more optimistic about the medium term future.
For the next decade, PNG is setting itself up for very strong growth. It is a good opportunity for the government to secure a broad-based economy once the boom ends.
The government wants to live within its means, it has a debt-to-GDP ratio it wants to adhere to. It has to think about the credit rating agencies as well.
There are reports of cash flow problems. It is something that needs a solution.
But they know this is not the time for austerity. They have to come in and give some stimulus to move the economy along but they are limited in what they can do.
That leaves the economy in the doldrums until the next mining boom happens, he said, adding that importers are struggling but there are limits on what the government can do about the economic slowdown.
There are reports of cash flow problems, Sen said. It is something that needs a solution.
Investors are willing to invest in PNG if they cant get their profits out of the country.
The kina is overvalued and it needs to get to its fair value as quickly as possible because, once it gets to its fair v...
THE Southern Highlands-Gulf Highway is no longer a
dream construction and sealing work have started on the first
section, Works Secretary David Wereh says.
Wereh told The National yesterday that connecting Southern Highlands and Gulf was one of the countrys major missing links and was also a key access route that the government was committed to deliver.
It is very important for our people and the country to know that the Southern Highlands-Gulf Highway is a reality now, he said.
The first section of the highway from Walum Junction to Yalo is already being sealed and the contractors are currently building and sealing the road from Yalo to Kagua station.
Wereh said tenders for construction and sealing works from Kagua station to Erave would be out shortly and contractors would be engaged to continue the work from Kagua station to Erave and all the way to Simbriki.
From Simbriki, it will go all the way to Kikori, Gulf and link up with the Maghi Highway so people can travel to Port Moresby.
Wereh said despite the tough financial situation facing the country and the government, smart and efficient management of limited resources available through commitment, love and passion for work was crucial to deliver services to the people.
We are not only concentrating on construction work but are conscious of the quality of work contractors are doing and we are engaging them on a performance basis, Wereh said.
They will have to prove to us that they are doing quality work for us to engage them or otherwise we will get rid of them and engage other contractors who can do the job thats worth the money we pay them.
Picture: Left; Works Secretary, Mr David Wereh and (right) Works Minister Nali
Papua New Guinea Prime Minister, Peter
ONeill has highlighted Papua New Guineas position on
significant regional and global foreign policy issues at the
meeting of Pacific Leaders in Japan.
Speaking at the Eight Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM 8), the Prime Minister highlighted the Governments position in relation to tensions on the Korean Peninsula and reform of the United Nations Security Council.
There is no doubt the we live in complicated times in the global political context, the Prime Minister said.
There have been changes in the leadership of a number of governments, the Brexit vote and conflict in Syria with all of its human rights ramifications, just to name a few.
It is times like these that Nation States must work together through global forums.
We must work through the United Nations, but we know the UN system has its flaws and is need of reform.
In particular, Papua New Guinea calls for reforms in the United Nations Security Council so that it is more relevant and responsive to security challenges that are faced in the world today.
Leaders at PALM8 further discussed tensions with North Korea and the implications this has at a regional level.
A crucial issue the world is dealing with today is finding a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula.
If conflict was to return there would be serious implications for all nations of the Asia-Pacific.
For many decades, the leadership of North Korea have acted in a deeply disturbing manner and violated acceptable rules of behaviour and decency.
Papua New Guinea further shares the concerns of the International Community over nuclear tests by North Korea.
Our PALM host, Japan, is further facing an ongoing threat of conflict and the risks posed by missile tests.
We also know of Japanese citizens being abducted, which is a violation of human rights and we support Japan in dealing with this matter.
Papua New Guinea welcomes current negotiations taking place as a means to successfully address the Korean Peninsula issue.
We must always work together and find political solutions in order to prevent war.
Papua New Guinea Prime Minister, Peter
ONeill has highlighted the importance of ensuring countries
draw on their own internal strengths and capabilities and build
partnerships in order to enhance economic development.
PM ONeill was speaking at the Eight Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM 8) today in Iwaki City, in Japan, where he said co-operation is essential but countries must take charge of their own responsibilities.
While overseas assistance plays an important role in achieving our development goals, we must rely more on ourselves, the Prime Minister said at the PALM8 Meeting.
Driving our own economic growth is fundamental to the development in our country.
And as we have learned in Papua New Guinea, economic growth must be inclusive.
This is an essential part of APEC in 2018 that has the theme of Harnessing Inclusive Opportunities, Embracing the Digital Future.
Delivering true economic growth is all about building partnerships across the country.
Government cannot advance an economy alone and we must work with the private sector, NGOs and Churches to achieve better health outcomes for our people.
This is particularly important in delivering the foundations for any healthy economy, particularly such as sectors including education and healthcare.
We must look at better ways to enhance cooperation in the fields of healthcare, including the way we deal with infectious diseases.
This includes the fight against tuberculosis through the provision of medical equipment and better communication.
PALM, since its inception in 1997, has contributed to critical key development areas in infrastructure, education, health and transportation.
The Prime Minister further welcomed the proposed PALM Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy that aims to promote peace, stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region.
This is based on values we all share and the three pillars of the strategy are consistent with our policy agenda.
These include the Pursuit of economic prosperity and Commitment to peace and stability.
Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter ONeill has
called for reforms in the United Nations Security Council to make
it more relevant and responsive to security challenges facing the
He also told the Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (Palm) in Japan last week that the United Nations system had flaws which should be rectified.
It is times like these that nation States must work together through global forums. We must work through the United Nations. But we know the UN system has its flaws and is need of reform, he said.
In particular, PNG calls for reforms in the UN Security Council so that it is more relevant and responsive to security challenges faced in the world today.
He also called on North Korea to stop its nuclear tests and work with the international community to maintain peace in the Korean Peninsula.
A crucial issue the world is dealing with today is finding a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula. If conflict was to return, there would be serious implications for all nations of the Asia Pacific region, he said.
For many decades, the leadership of North Korea have acted in a deeply disturbing manner and violated acceptable rules of behaviour and decency.
PNG shares the concerns of the international community over nuclear tests by North Korea.
Our PALM host, Japan, is further facing an ongoing threat of conflict and the risks posed by missile tests. We also know of Japanese citizens being abducted, which is a violation of human rights. And we support Japan in dealing with this matter.
Papua New Guinea welcomes current negotiations taking place as a means to successfully address the Korean Peninsula issue. We must always work together and find political solutions in order to prevent war.
He said we lived in complicated times in the global political context.
There have been changes in the leadership of a number of governments, the Brexit vote and conflict in Syria with all of its human rights ramifications, just to name a few, he said.
He told the leaders meeting in Iwaki City that they must be self-reliant.
While overseas assistance plays an important role in achieving our development goals, we must rely more on ourselves, he said.
Driving our own economic growth is fundamental to the development in our cou...
West Papuans are still fighting for independence, and we are starting to grasp the feeling of living in a democratic world, both within Indonesia and within ULMWP organisation. There is a misunderstanding among us West Papuans, because we think we know democracy than those Indonesians, but in reality, we are just "dreaming of it", withoutContinue reading
Quire four sheets of paper or parchment folded to form eight leaves, as in medieval manuscripts; a section of printed leaves in proper sequence after folding; gathering; any collection of leaves one within another in a manuscript or book; 25 (formerly 24) sheets of paper; one twentieth of a ream; choir.
Source: Isabel Esterman / Mongabay.
In 2008, when a consortium led by ExxonMobil was drumming up support for a $19 billion natural gas extraction and processing project in Papua New Guinea, proponents of the development predicted it would underpin the countrys economy for decades.
Production began in 2014, and now reaches approximately 7.9 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas per year. However, according to two recent reports by advocacy group Jubilee Australia Research Centre, the PNG LNG project has not only exacerbated conflict and inequality in the Papua New Guinea highlands, it has also failed to produce the promised benefits. According to Jubilee Australias analysis, PNGs economy would be better off if the gas had been left in the ground.
Predicted economic impacts of the PNG LNG project compared to actual impacts (based on Jubilee Australias analysis of underlying economic trends). While exports have exceeded expectations, GDP growth has been slower than forecast and income, employment and government spending have dropped. Image courtesy of Jubilee Australia.
When pitching the project, developers made big promises about the economic and social benefits the megaproject would bring to the country.
One influential 2008 study, an economic impact analysis commissioned by ExxonMobil and authored by Australian con...
Get distracted by side-events or non-elemental aspects of a game is always disastrous for a soccer team, particularly for a striker or a goal-keeper when facing the ball in the foot or in front of the goal-keeper. Stickers should forget anything and everything else, and focus only on the "ball", when they are in theContinue reading
Carmella Gware | Loop PNG | May 19, 2018
A recent response by the Namatanai MP on Radio New Zealand over the experimental seabed mining has not gone down well with some locals.
In the May 16th article, Walter Schnaubelt was reported to have said though too much remained unknown about the environmental impacts of seabed mining, that doesnt mean that we just shut the door.
Schnaubelt further said he was keeping an open mind on potential seabed mining, and he would maintain a neutral stand until adequate information on the benefits of the Solwara 1 project are made available to him.
Following his statement, the Alliance of Solwara Warriors said as an educated elite, Schnaubelt has to come out clear on his stance, as being neutral only indicates two reasons:
Cedric Patjole | Loop PNG | May 19, 2018
Changes to the Mineral Resources Act 1992 have created uncertainty in the mining industry, especially with rising mineral prices.
Former executive director and now advisor to the PNG Chamber of Mines and Petroleum, Greg Anderson, said this during the Resources Sector Media Workshop.
He said the uncertainty created will determine exploration activity as well as whether mineral projects are developed.
Anderson gave a detailed presentation on the impact of the MRA Act changes. Positives included:
NOOSA The sudden death last week of one of Papua New Guineas best known entertainers has both saddened the nation and raised the hot issue of how PNG treats its gay community.
Moses Tau died soon after collapsing at Port Moresbys Lamana Hotel, triggering an overwhelming response as thousands of messages of condolence inundated the social media.
The Post-Courier newspaper noted perceptively that Tau had made a place for the gay community in PNG by forcing this place through his music and performances.
Government minister Justin Tkatchenko wrote on his Facebook page describing the singer as vibrant and a true showman.
I have lost a wonderful friend who supported me without fear or favour and was so loved and admired by our people. He put fun and joy into our lives, Tkatchenko said.
Joycelin Leahy observed in her Tribal Mystic blog:
From simple beginnings, this very colourful and dangerously outrageous talent started a music career. Little did Papua New Guineans truly understand what Moses was up to. Many ridiculed and laughed at Moses rhythmic hip pulsating dance movements and high pitched feminine voice which quickly became recognised and loved not only in PNG but across the Pacific islands.
When Moses stepped on stage, a new era was born in a country closed to gay rights, dominated by men and the ruled by the cultural Melanesian big man mentality.
Tau himself once said:
It is a very difficult thing in PNG to show your sexuality is very scary, because it is not an accepted thing in PNG. I just want to do what I have and who I am. I also did it not for myself but for the suffering of we people through many years ago.
And I told my friends: look, Ill try it out, if I fail I fail. If I go through it with success, we will all benefit. So Im targeting to educate the people of this nation to really know that theres gays living in Papua New Guinea. So I did it. I went through it. It was very painful.
American law professor Ryan Goodman wrote of Taus emergence:
By the late 1990s, gays were well and truly stigmatised in PNG, That was when a gay Motuan gospel singer from Central Province a...
CHUAVE - The government component of TFFE (tuition fee free education) to schools in Papua New Guinea has been slashed to only 50%.
TFFE subsidies are released to schools each term and are supposed to cover the actual cost of running a school for ten weeks.
The actual school fee per student is divided into two segments: lower secondary (Grades 9 and 10) and upper secondary (Grades 11 and 12). Lower secondary students were allocated K1,300 for 2018 and upper secondary K1,600.
The Education Department under the ministry of Nick Kuman adopted the concept last year. But it was not effectively executed. There was a large amount cut from the money supposed to be paid to schools.
Most people, particularly parents living in remote areas and below the poverty line in urban areas, concluded there is a loophole whereby funds have been diverted to other stakeholders. Whatever the actual policy is now, it has not been made known to schools around the country.
There has been no effective survey to analyse the real cost of running schools, but the new slash funds policy was drafted and accepted for implementation within the Education Department.
How will remote schools in PNG like Karimui, Kairiru Island, Jimi and Telefomin manage to keep their schools open if the cost is triple that of running schools in a city or town?
Mai High School, located on the outskirts of Kundiawa, has 450 student in Grades 9 and 10. For Term 1 this year it received of K61,960.
According to the calculation of K1,300 per student, it was supposed to receive more than twice that - K127,125.
The governing council and the school administration asked the provincial education authority to find out why half of the money had vanished. The question was in vain. No answer was forthcoming.
Then in Term 2, the school received only K25,000. Another slash of K36,960, much less than one-third of what was budgeted.
Why is the gove...
PAUL FLANAGAN | PNG Economics
CANBERRA - The yawning chasm between Papua New Guineas liquefied natural gas (LNG) benefit predictions and its adverse impacts on the PNG economy has little to do with the fall in oil prices. Claiming so is a poor and inaccurate defence.
The PNG LNG modelling done in 2008 accurately predicted export sales revenues for 2015 and 2016. While oil prices were some 25% below the models mid-case scenario, this was fully offset by actual LNG production being some 25% higher than 2008 expectations.
Price falls were matched by production increases sales revenues were as predicted. As the marginal cost of production is low (most costs of LNG production relate to the high initial capital costs), sales revenue is the driver for expected benefits.
Export sales of petroleum products increased by almost exactly the predicted 440% from K2 billion in 2013 to K11 billion in 2016. So the failure of the PNG LNG to deliver benefits as predicated has little to do with the fall in oil prices in 2014.
Of course oil prices did fall from over $US100 per barrel in 2013 to under $US30 per barrel (for a very short time early in 2016). And of course, it would have been really nice for the PNG LNG project and government revenues if the price stayed at $US100 per barrel although less so for PNG motorists.
However, as stated by the chair of Oil Search at the recent annual general meeting, there is a need for a long-term perspective on projects such as PNG LNG which operate for decades.
This long-term perspective is that oil prices from 1980 to 2017 have averaged just over $US40 per barrel considerably lower than the 2015 to 2017 average of $US50 per barrel. Oil prices had jumped strongly upwards in the 2000s, but it w...
Authors: Ashley L. Bolden, Kim Schultz, Katherine E. Pelch and Carol F. Kwiatkowski
Reference: Environmental Health, 17:26, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0368-z
Manuscript Received: 4 September 2017; Accepted: 20 February 2018; Published: 21 March 2018
In the last decade unconventional oil and gas (UOG) extraction has rapidly proliferated throughout the United States (US) and the world. This occurred largely because of the development of directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing which allows access to fossil fuels from geologic formations that were previously not cost effective to pursue. This process is known to use greater than 1,000 chemicals such as solvents, surfactants, detergents, and biocides. In addition, a complex mixture of chemicals, including heavy metals, naturally-occurring radioactive chemicals, and organic compounds are released from the formations and can enter air and water. Compounds associated with UOG activity have been linked to adverse reproductive and developmental outcomes in humans and laboratory animal models, which is possibly due to the presence of endocrine active chemicals.
Using systematic methods, electronic searches of PubMed and Web of Science were conducted to identify studies that measured chemicals in air near sites of UOG activity. Records were screened by title and abstract, relevant articles then underwent full text review, and data were extracted from the studies. A list of chemicals detected near UOG sites was generated. Then, the potential endocrine activity of the most frequently detected chemicals was explored via searches of literature from PubMed.
Evaluation of 48 studies that sampled air near sites of UOG activity identified 106 chemicals detected in two or more studies. Ethane, benzene and n-pentane were the top three most frequently detected. Twenty-one chemicals have been shown to have endocrine activity including estrogenic and androgenic activity and the ability to alter steroidogenesis. Literature also suggested that some of the air pollutants may affect reproduction, development, and neurophysiological function, all end...
|Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (Mainichi)|
Economic empowerment of women will not only help
improve the status of women in PNG but also contribute to the
country's greater economic and social future, according to NCD
Governor Powes Parkop.
"Traditionally women have been wealth creators in PNG. They are the ones who raise pigs, do the gardening apart from caring for their families. This is the strength and potential women have in PNG to improve their own lives and status, and to contribute to a greater social and economic outcome for the nation. This potential must be harnessed to make equality real and to create more wealth for the nation," he said.
Governor Parkop was speaking at a small ceremony today at Nature Park for awarding of 114 Savings Account Passbook for women from Morata who had undergone basic financial literacy training funded by NCDC at end of 2016 under program initiative by late womens champion and Commissioner of the Board of NCDC Ms Janet Sape called Givim Han Long Life.
NCDC has reaffirmed its commitment in ensuring women involving in small-to-medium businesses in the city are empowered as a pathway for helping nationals to take full or major control over the countrys economy.
NCD Governor Powes Parkop said empowerment of women on all fronts was a catalyst to fully advance the countrys development.
What makes a society, a city or nation great-for a brighter future-is by empowering their women. This is a proven pathway that is in our tradition and so we must tap or harness this to secure a better future both economically and socially. It will benefit women and the entire nation said Mr Parkop.
He reminded fellow menfolk to recognize this potential and abilities in women, and to learn to treat them as equal citizens and not as ill-perceived norms and cultures.
Many of the women receiving the passbook were illiterates and they underwent a financial literacy program that qualified then to have their passbook bank accounts opened with Womens Micro Bank.
It was facilitated by Rural and Urban Women Empowerment Foundation, a non-government organisation based at the Morata suburb.
Govenror Parkop paid tribute to late Janet Sape as a passionate and strong advocate for womens empowerment particularly economic empowerment and equality. He also thank Ms Janet Banebo the Executive Director of Urban and Rural Development Foundation for maintaining the program with the passing...
PORT MORESBY: The Papua New Guinea's successful
hosting of the international events has been attributed to the
governments investment backed by the corporate sponsors according
to a State Minister.
In his first official address today to a breakfast in Parliaments State Function Room, honorable William Samb, the Minister Assisting the Prime Minister in Affairs of Bougainville and Sports, none of the major events staged would have taken place without this support.
He was appointed on May 9, 2018.
Just like our business houses, our government led by Prime Minister Peter O Neill recognizes the importance of sport and its role in the community, he told the breakfast attended by members of Carbine International Congress whose main focus is on sports development.
On behalf of the Prime Minister Peter O Neill and his government, Mr Samb commended them for this.
He stepped in for PM ONeill who is away in the Philippines on official engagement.
It is wonderful to know that we have like-minded executives working here in PNG, many of whom have lived here a long time that give so much of their time and funds to supporting sport.
This support ranges from junior development to international representation, he said.
He said the government invested over K1 billion to host the 9th South Pacific Game at facilities that are world class.
I am glad to hear that today you will watch our SP Hunters team play at the new Oil Search National Football Stadium that was completed through a tax credit scheme. I am sure you will have a great afternoon. All the investment by the Government and supported by the private sector is beginning to pay off, he said.
In recent years here are some of our highlights.
1. Hosting the Womens Soccer World Cup 2017 with 50 nations including North Korea Participating
2. SP Hunters win the QLD In trust Cup 2017 after only 4 years in the competition
3. Our Kummuls Rugby League team winning all 3 pool games in the Rugby League Cup in 2017 and holding England to a very respectable score in the Quarter final Success in Rugby Union in particular in the 7s format
4. Winner of the 9th South Pacific Games in 2016 hosted in PNG and including representation from Australia and NZ in selective sports for the first time Medal winning performances at the recent C...
|Prime Minister ONeill, Horie and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.|
|Prime Minister ONeill with Prime Minister Abe and Ms Akie Abe|
Trade Ministers from the APEC member economies, the worlds largest trading area, are set to convene in Port Moresby in an effort to secure the regions resurgent growth.
In focus during the APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade Meeting on 25-26 May will be ways to support and improve the multilateral trading system, deepen regional economic integration and connectivity, and foster sustainable, inclusive growth through digital development. This includes promoting ICT use to deepen market access for businesses of all sizes in the region.
Trade Ministers will draw upon policy consultations now underway here by trade and sectoral officials, to conclude with a meeting of APEC Senior Officials on 23-24 May. They will also take into account the findings of the latest APEC Regional Trends Analysis to be revealed on 23 May as well as recommendations from the APEC Business Advisory Council.
We recognize how important a period this is for trade and the momentum our economies need to make progress, said Ivan Pomaleu, Papua New Guineas Ambassador to APEC and 2018 Chair of APEC Senior Officials. Our commitment to seek common ground in APEC is guided by a shared desire to improve the lives of our people.
Growth in the region continues to show encouraging signs but it is vulnerable to growing trade frictions, added Dr Alan Bollard, Executive Director of the APEC Secretariat. We need to resolve trade worries, improve coordination to open digital opportunities and help reskill workers to help keep improving peoples livelihoods in the region.
Trade Ministers will consider ideas presented by scholars from the APEC Study Center Consortium as well as policy prescriptions fleshed out by APEC technical working groups. Areas of emphasis will include assisting women-led entrepreneurship and trade, fisheries and food supply chains, and free trade agreements.
Trade Ministers will also take into account a briefing from World Trade Organization Director-General Roberto Azevdo on 25 May.
Ensuring that policy keeps up with the pace of change in the Asia-Pacific and channels innovation in sustainable and inclusive ways is a real challenge in the current environment, Dr Bollard concluded. Working together to advance practical trade solutions to continue the regions growth momentum is important for us all.
|IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed Archiver|
IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed was generated at Pacific News IndyWatch.
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