|IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed Archiver|
IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed was generated at Pacific News IndyWatch.
TOWNSVILLE Heres a medical question which requires some form of scientific explanation.
Theres a body that is 42 years old, sitting on a plate of gold, floating on a sea of oil, powered by natural gas, got all the enablers to grow and still struggling to get on its feet and continuing to receive $500 million in aid annually.
I mean, if a body is 42 years old and still yet to get its footing in the rudiments of life, the chemistry is not working well, is it?
In Papua New Guinea, I was confronted with this burning question so decided to take some time off from the hustle and bustle of politics to search for answers.
For the last three and half months, I have been conducting a diagnosis of this 42-year-old body.
Believe it or not, I have discovered that the body had the symptoms of diabetes. Much of it is overweight, dysfunctional and, most importantly, losing its sight. It has developed a Type 2, insulin-resistant diabetes.
I have identified a number of potential causes.
In its infancy, this body was not treated by real doctors but by copycats. Although the copycats meant well, they were not trained to understand the body. So they experimented on the body in the best way they could.
When one of the organs got dysfunctional, the watchmen started feeding it sweets to gety it to work. The glucose started to seep into the body. Before we realised it, the body was overweight and very unhealthy. It needed trimming. I mean a lot of trimming and weight loss.
That is the body that is celebrating its 42nd birthday.
I have painted a rather gloomy picture of our beloved country and you might be depressed. I am showing you that, until that body is healed and regains its sight, it will never be able to see and help others who are sick.
The good news is that our best days are still ahead of us.
I am convinced that the strength of our country is its people. I have seen on social media that, despite our shortcomings and economic turmoil, our people took time out in colours to hon...
KERRYN BAKER | East Asia Forum
CANBERRA - For the first time in 20 years, Papua New Guinea has no women at all in its 111-seat national parliament.
While a record 167 women (5% of the total 3,340 candidates), including the three female incumbents, contested the 2017 elections, none was successful.
The electoral contest in PNG is undoubtedly hostile to women, but there are three key pathways that could improve womens electoral prospects.
First, the campaign playing field should be levelled out for women.
Money politics is a pervasive and, in many parts of PNG, a dominant aspect of election campaigning. The practices of vote-buying, vote-selling, gifting and treating are evident in all regions of PNG, and seem to have increased exponentially in the past few general elections both in terms of the number of people engaged in the practice and in the amounts spent.
Although it is illegal, candidates who participate in money politics and this style of campaigning do tend to perform better than those who do not.
Many female candidates, either for ethical or financial reasons, find themselves unable to compete in a contest characterised by money politics.
Women who contest elections are usually less well-resourced than their high-performing male counterparts, and this gender imbalance plays out in the election results.
A concerted effort to change the emerging electoral culture in Papua New Guinea, by tackling the rise of money politics and moving to curb campaign spending, could have real benefits for the competitiveness of female candidates. But this is likely to be politically unpalatable.
Despite the significant barriers to electoral success for women in PNG, it is important to note that there were numerous women who performed very well in the 2017 elections, even if they were ultimately unsuccessful.
So the second initiative that should be pursued is su...
A magnitude 5.9 earthquake has hit off the coast of Papua New Guinea, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center says. The quake struck in the early hours of Monday local time at a depth of 37km, in the sea southwest of Kandrian, the centre added.
Minggu, 17 September 2017 05:58
Kiribati joined, eight countries will bring West Papua issue in UNGA
Papua No. 1 News Portal I Jubi,
Vanuatu Parliamentary Secretary for Prime Minister Johny Koanapo (left) with Jubi journalist Victor Mambor after an interview at UNHRC, Geneva in February 2017 Doc. Jubi
Jayapura, Jubi Vanuatu Prime Minister Charlot Salwai admitted that although the Pacific Leaders Forum (PIF) in Samoa last week discussed West Papua as an agenda item, some PIF members considered West Papua a sensitive issue and did not want the forum to make a decision.
However, Salwai, who leads the West Papua lobby during the PIF, also acknowledged support for the West Papua issue continues to grow.
"If last year seven countries, including Vanuatu and Solomon Islands, are currently the eight countries that joined the Paciifc Islands Coalition for West Papua (PICWP)," Salwai told the Daily Post last week.
These eight countries will bring the West Papua issue before the United Nations General Assembly session that will begin next week in New York, USA.
"So far, Vanuatu has continued to commit itself to pioneering the West Papua problem, through government, civil society and churches and this year we are bringing this issue to the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) forum," Salwai continued.
Vanuatu Parliamentary Secretary for the Prime Ministers Office, Johny Koanapo, told Jubi via e-mail Sunday that the efforts of Vanuatu and Solomon Islands in the Pacific have shown significant progress. If previously, the West Papua issue is just a bilateral issue and a regional issue in Melanesia, now West Papuas advocacy has spread far and wide in the Pacific.
"The West Papua issue has passed the Melanesian Spearhead Groups where we have different opinions on how to deal with the West Papua issue. But this problem has moved beyond the jurisdiction of MSG, "he said.
Not only the Vanuatu government and the Solomon Islands government, Koanapo continued, currently other countries in Micronesia and Polynesia have joined the PICWP established since a year ago.
"Kiribati is a country that joins in 2017 after seven other countries, namely Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Marshall Islands, Palau, Tuvalu and Tonga established PICWP," Koanapo said.
Widespread issue of West Papua in the Pacific is certainly demanding more jobs for Vanuatu who...
Pangu Pati leader Sam Basil has said
that his defection to the government ranks wasnt at
all desperate for portfolios in the government but the move was to
safeguard the partys future in the coming months and in the 5 years
term of the current government.
There may be casualties in moving into the government ranks or even remaining in the Opposition but in weighing the move as a responsible leader, the casualties of staying in opposition are greater than crossing the floor, said Mr. Basil.
Mr. Basil also denied having any disagreements with the Opposition leadership saying he moved to the government with a good heart and believed in the leadership of Patrick Pruaitch as the Opposition leader.
Pangu Pati also welcomed 2 new members into its camp, in Lae MP John Rosso and Lufa MP Moriape Kavori.
In the studio this week are Dr. Jeff, Dr. Catherine, Dr. Jen and Dr Shane.
First guests: (in the studio) are Cassie Nolan and Charlie Medic science students from Monash University who are investigating the spread of Rainbow Lorikeets across Victoria. 'Where's Lori?' is a 'pop up' citizen science project running through the month of September, 2017. There are also some awesome prizes to be won for participants. https://www.facebook.com/whereslori/ https://www.instagram.com/wheresloriproject/
Third guest: (in the studio) is Yen Ying Lim from the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health who talks about Alzheimer's disease and the Healthy Brain Project.
Remember, Science is everywhere, including:
|Justin Olam in action|
PNGi has released the first instalment of a three-part
investigation into the abusive commercial transactions that are
leading to the circulation of overpriced and substandard medicines
and medical supplies and the waste of millions of Kina in
desperately needed funding.
Life expectancy in PNG is twenty years lower than in Australia and the lowest in the region. Eight million people in Papua New Guinea live without access to decent health care and everyone feels the impacts.
If ever there was a sector which should be safeguarded by political leaders to ensure that services are provided in an effective and efficient manner, free from malfeasance, it is public health, but as the the PNGi investigation reveals, that is far from reality.
Profiting from Sickness focuses on controversial medical goods supplier, Borneo Pacific Pharmaceuticals Limited, its principal, Sir Sang Chung Poh, and a network of business people, former public servants and doctors, connected to him.
Part I of Profiting from Sickness puts the spotlight on Borneo Pacific Pharmaceuticals Limited itself.
It reveals allegations made against the company from a range of credible authorities, including the Medical Association of PNG, The Global Funds Inspector General, a Special Parliamentary Committee, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Solicitor Generals Office, the National Doctors Association, front-line medical workers, Professor Glen Mola, Governor Gary Juffa, and Sir Mekere Morauta.
The general pattern common to all these allegations, is that Borneo Pacific Pharmaceuticals benefits from rigged or flawed tender processes, which come at a significant cost to donors and the public. Furthermore, the goods being provided through these flawed tenders, it is claimed, have been found wanting.
All of which, it is argued, result in Borneo Pacific Pharmaceuticals making engorged profits at the publics financial and physical expense.
The results of this alleged abusive behaviour could not be more serious. Rather than the public health system eroding health inequalities, it is exacerbating them and missing the opportunity to make inroads into primary health care that could make a significant impact on the quality and quantity of life enjoyed by ordinary citizens. This comes at an enormous cost to family life and the national economy.
Part II of Profiting from Sickness, to be published next week, will turn the spotlight on some of Sir Sang Chung Pohs business partners. These include some of the countrys top physicians; some of who have been investigated for...
ARAWA, Papua New Guinea, Former BRA commander opposed to the
reopening of Panguna mine, James Onartoo has denied claims by the media and by the ABG
Vice President, Raymond Masono that he and his group had signed a resolution with pro
mining BRA Commanders, Ishmael Toroama, Sam Kauona and Glyn Tovirika paving way
for the reopening of Panguna.
Mr Onartoo said that while he represented the silent majority who believe that mining was
not the answer to Bougainvilles future, he had no authority to sign anything that will take
away peoples resources and their rights to their land.
I am one of the many who dont support BCL or mining in Panguna or anywhere in
Bougainville but I cannot claim to have the authority to sign a resolution or an agreement on
their behalf, to reopen the mine at Panguna. The reports that you have seen in the Post
Courier and in the statement by ABG Vice President are untrue, he said
Mr. Onartoo also said that he and his group which includes, women, landowners and the excombatants
of South and Central Bougainville remain firm that Panguna must not be
reopened. He pointed out that ABG is weak and lacks laws and systems to effectively regulate
and to deal with a large scale mine. He said that without these mechanisms in place mining
will cause more harm than good to the region.
Mr. Masonos claims that only a minority opposed reopening of Panguna mine is totally
untrue because, the silent majority are with us and our call for no mining in Bougainville is
gaining popularity. More and more people are beginning to realize that mining can easily
strip Bougainville of its independence by taking control of ABG and is already causing
divisons among us the ex-combatants and landowners, Mr Onartoo said.
Mr. Onartoo appealed to BRA commanders and ABG Vice Present not to mislead the people
of Bougainville regarding sensitive issues such as mining. He said that leaders must act
responsively give factual information to avoid confusion that disunity.
Meanwhile, ABG efforts to reopen Panguna were dealt another blow last week when excombatants
and officers of Panguna Mine Negotiations (PMNO) under the influence of
alcohol threatened a community volunteer worker, Theonila Matbob and her family. The
threats were made over the hosting of a referendum awareness program with the help of
visiting Melanesian indigenous rights advocacy group, MILDA. The program was move to
Arawa following the encounter with pro mining elements in Panguna.
Papua New Guinean genetic diversity of populations intrigues
scientists: [gearsofbiz.com] Papua New Guinea is called a
stepping stone in the human movement from Asia to Australia by the
researchers. The team of researchers note that the differences in
the genetic makeup of the population can be dated back to ten to
twenty thousand years only rather than fifty thousand years back
when humans first arrived. They found that agriculture was
independently found on this island around ten thousand years ago,
and this did not change the genetic makeup of the population as was
the case in several populations across Europe and in some regions
Anders Bergstrm, a graduate student at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, UK, who was part of the study team, explained that agriculture tends to homogenize the genetic differences in populations. Sanger Institute geneticist Chris Tyler-Smith, lead researcher further explained that in the Europe for example when agriculture was brought in by the Anatolia farmers, the genetic makeup of the local hunter gatherers that lived then for generations completely got replaced by the new genetic features. This obliteration of the genetic picture is absent in New Guinea and this is a big surprise he said.
LORENGAU Occasionally I receive an email that truly surprises me, and Friday was one of those times.
Edin Corr, a regular PNG Attitude reader currently in Lorengau, wrote telling of a person from Sori Island off the north coast of Manus who had turned up with a mysterious bronze sculpture.
Edin examined the sculpture and found inscribed the sculptors name (right). It was a work of Hal Holman, who died last year leaving a rich legacy of sculpture and painting, much of it part of the modern artistic heritage of Papua New Guinea.
I was pleasantly surprised to come across this bronze piece by such a renowned artist, wrote Edin, who then went on to tell me the remarkable story of its discovery.
She dove down and recovered this sculpture, which stands about 24 cm high and weighs 23.5 kg.
Edin thought that PNG Attitude might be able to trace the origin of the sculpture and e ven find out how it ended up here in Admiralty Islands, adding: It is not for sale.
So I got in touch with Jo Holman, Hals wife, who quickly responded: This is indeed curious! The sculpture is one of the cast bronze fairies that Hal produced but without the wings that he would add after the body had been cast.
I organised the casting of several (four I think) in Brisbane after Hal moved there but have no idea how many bodies he had cast in Sydney when he first made the fairy original.
DUBLIN - Some years ago a happily married Mt Hagen woman, Maria, told me a story about her first boyfriend.
They were from different tribes in the Western Highlands, they had just become friends and were interested in getting to know more about each other.
Then it happened that a great-grandmother of Maria, who lived some distance away, died and Maria went to the funeral, where she spotted her boyfriend. She knew he was not from that place and asked him, What are you doing here?
He replied, My old great-grandmother died and I am here.
The two then realised with a shock that they were closely related and, in accord with tribal custom, they could not marry. They split up straight away and Maria later married a man from another tribe.
In the highlands of Papua New Guinea there were many reasons why it was important to know who your ancestors were.
Tribal elders knew full well about the dangers of inbreeding and were careful to avoid any wanblut consanguineous marriages.
If a tribe was small then one had to marry outside it; if the tribe was very large, one had to marry outside the clan or tribal segment. Incestuous relationships were prohibited.
This could be difficult. While in some cases clan elders did welcome women from enemy tribes, in other cases they were suspicious of them.
When asking about ancestry in the Hagen area, I found some knowledgeable people were able to trace back five or six generations. I can recall a Jika Muglmana tribesman, Thomas Berum, telling me he could trace back seven generations on his mothers side of the family.
GARY JUFFA | Asia Pacific Report
PORT MORESBY - O arise all you sons of this land here was perhaps one of the problems to progress in Papua New Guinea as we celebrated 42 years of independence yesterday.
Why have we not included the daughters of this land in our national anthem? How have we totally forgotten about them in the most important task of nation building?
Surely they too should rise and build this nation too since it is just as much theirs as it is that of the sons.
Yes thats correct our daughters should have the right to rise up for this land and be accorded the dignity and honour of being recognised for their efforts.
I believe we have set a negative psychological platform for Papua New Guineas development by excluding a significant segment of the hardest working and most intelligent people in our communities our womenfolk.
Some will argue they are truly the hardworking segment of our community.
Leadership and nation building should not just be restricted to menfolk. It should be based on someones passion, willingness and ability to deliver.
Its absurd and foolish to exclude the daughters of this land and we do it every time when we stand up and sing our anthem.
Out of a total of 3,332 candidates in PNGs general election this year, 165 were women 30 more than in the last election in 2012. None was elected to Parliament.
Today RISE: Refugee Survivors and Ex-detainees launches the Sanction Australia Campaign. Initiated and driven by a group of ex-detainees, Sanction Australia calls for international human rights bodies and the United Nations to sanction Australia for its inhumane mandatory detention policies and explicit refugee boat push back policies and to exclude Australia from participation in international humanitarian and human rights decision making processes until mandatory detention and refoulement of asylum seekers and refugees by Australia is abolished.
For the past 26 years, Australia has been progressively implementing punitive and cruel policies against people seeking asylum by boat. These policies have been maintained by successive Australian governments resulting in systemic torture and abuse of refugee/asylum seeker adults and children, and deaths in custody. Since RISE was launched in 2010, we are aware of at least 36 people who have died in Australian detention centres and many RISE ex-detainee members have witnessed deaths in detention well before this time period. How long, asks Abdul Baig, RISE director and ex-detainee, do we have to continue to face such cruelty in front of Australias eyes? Where is the justice?
Depression, suicide, and other mental illnesses are pervasive within Australian detention centres, and are often a direct result of the experience of detention itself. Recent Australian immigration department records reveal that over a period of just one year there were 188 incidents of self-harm involving asylum seekers on Nauru (roughly one every two days) and 55 incidents of self harm on Manus Island. The treatment of detainees within these camps, along with the indefinite detention they experience meets the definition of Torture under International law.
Further, he added We believe that Australias anti-refugee policies are not going to end unless there are international sanctions against the Australian government. We therefore urge international human rights activists and the UN to actively sanction Australia for such cruel acts.
US president Donald Trump has been widely criticised for his anti-refugee policies yet even he says that Australias policies are worse than the USA. Australia is the resource centre for anti-immigration policies in affluent liberal democracies around the world. Sanction Australia campaign coordinator and ex-detainee (unnamed) said We should sanction Australia on human rights to send a strong message to others who are intent on following Australias lead on this. Australia is the place to start on human rights sanction among industrialised countries. How many more from our community will be killed to serve Australian political interests? We dont need any more inquiries or reports, we....
Im quite puzzled by my work too, along with a lot of
other people. I was always intrigued by it, but at the same time a
little apprehensive and sort of embarrassed about annoying the same
critics who are always annoyed by my work. Im kind of sorry that I
cause so much grief.
~ John Ashbery (1927-2017), in an interview to Contemporary Authors
A tale is often told about John Ashberys first book of poems, Some Trees (1956), winner of the Yale Younger Poets Prize. W.H. Auden, who judged the competition, had confessed later of not understanding a word of the winning manuscript. Hyperbole this, with more than a grain of truth in it perhaps, but despite some understandable incomprehension of Ashberys sometimes expansive and languorous, often fearsomely cryptic, poetry, Auden had felt, unerringly, the pulse of its urgency. He had sensed in his own poetic gut its standing-apartness, if we will, amid a slew of poets still in the throes of modernist adventurism in the 1950s despite the fact that Ashbery was a poet who grew to stand in contradistinction to the poet-as-editor figure that Auden as well as others like Pound and Eliot then embodied. It is not surprising perhaps that this young poet was largely inaccessible to the older man, nor unthinkable that Ashbery, however, named Auden as one of the earliest, strongest influences on his writing; and it is probably poetic justice that a youthful Ashbery still won his first prize adjud...
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN
I .. (name).. from (location) urge . (insert human rights group) to sanction Australia and exclude Australia from participation in all international humanitarian and human rights decision making processes.
Australia has been committing crimes for over 26 years against refugees who are seeking protection by boats. Lack of transparency and accountability in Australian run detention centres is something that has been widely reported and acknowledged by International human rights groups including the UN. There have been many inquiries and many reports of deaths and sexual abuse within these camps yet nothing has changed because the Australian government is not being held accountable. Refugee cases have been mishandled, unfairly dismissed and processed without proper adherence to refugee rights protocol and this should stop immediately.
There have been 36 deaths in Australian detention centres since 2010. There have been multiple incidents of abuse and sexual violence against asylum seeker/refugee adults and children. People who are fleeing harm in their country of origin, experience a compounding of their trauma under Australian government policies that are designed to punish people who are exercising their human right to seek asylum in Australia. Depression, suicide ideation and other mental illness is pervasive and often a direct result of the experience of detention itself. The Australian governments own detention records in just a year to July 2015, indicate that there were 188 incidents of self-harm involving asylum seekers at Nauru (about one every two days) and about recorded 55 incidents of self-harm at Papua New Guineas Manus Island. The detainees treatment within the camps, along with the indefinite detention they experience meets the definition of torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment under International law.
We should not wait until one more refugee is murdered, sexually abused, tortured, or refouled by Australia.
Seeking asylum is not a crime and it is a universal human right.
Please take immediate action and sanction Australia until mandatory detention and refoulement of Asylum seekers and Refugees is abolished in Australia.
14 Sep 2017 | MongabayUnder fire from watchdogs and consumers of its smartphones, Samsung said it would not pursue a joint venture with Korindo amid an NGO campaign highlighting Korindo's rainforest destruction for palm oil in Indonesia's Tanah Papua region.
Cartoon in support of Dandhy Dwi Laksono, drawn by Iwan Sketsa/ @Sketsagram on Twitter and Instagram. Published with artists permission.
On September 3, 2017, journalist and documentary filmmaker Dandhy Dwi Laksono wrote on Facebook that Megawati and Suu Kyi are alike in many ways, noting that both are former opposition leaders who now head the ruling parties in their respective countries. Dandhy added that if Myanmars government is being criticized for its treatment of ethnic Rohingya, the Indonesian government should similarly be held liable for suppressing the independence movement on the Indonesian island of West Papua.
He further compared Suu Kyis silence on the persecution of the Rohingya to Megawatis role as party leader of the government, which has recently intensified the crackdown on West Papuan independence activists.
Rohingya people born and living in Myanmar are...
PAUL FLANAGAN | PNG Economics
CANBERRA - 16 September 2017 marks Papua New Guineas 42nd anniversary of independence. How have things been going?
A good benchmark for measuring progress is PNGs Vision 2050 document. This set out a blueprint for making PNG a smart, wise, happy and fair society by 2050.
The visions primary measurement indicator is we will be ranked in the top 50 in the United Nations Human Development Index by 2050.
So how is PNG going towards meeting this goal? This graph shows PNGs progress in improving its Human Development Index (this is a composite index of factors such as life expectancy, education, and incomes).
Since the 2050 Vision document was released in 2010, PNG had its lowest rate of improvement since 1990. After doing well in the early 1990s and during the 2000s, PNG has gone back to even worse rates of development than the disastrous late 1990s.
To meet the goal of being in the top 50, PNG needs to move from its 154th ranking of 188 countries in 2010 and jump forward by at least two places every year. So from 2011 to 2015, did PNG jump some 10 positions? No, it stayed exactly in 154th position by 2015 (the latest available data).
Indeed, it is now in equal 154th position as Zimbabwe has moved forward and it now ranked exactly the same as PNG. PNG is in the bottom 20% of countries and not moving forward. This is not good news.
TERENCE WOOD | DevPolicy Blog
CANBERRA - For decades Australia has been at the centre of international efforts to improve elections in Papua New Guinea.
Australia has spent almost US$60 million since 2002. Despite this, the 2017 elections were blighted by a frightening pack of problems.
Given PNGs electoral woes, it is tempting to conclude aid hasnt helped. Tempting, but mistaken. Elections may not be good in PNG but good is not the right yardstick for aid success in this area.
As I described in an earlier article, Whats the matter with elections in PNG, Papua New Guineas domestic political economy produces forces that are at odds with well-run elections.
As I discuss in this paper, international engagement has served as a countervailing force against these. Because of this, it is very likely that elections in PNG would be worse still without Australian involvement.
This doesnt mean that Australian efforts cant be improved. Here are some suggestions. Because this is a blog post they are, by necessity, broad. I hope many others will offer a lot more in coming months; for now, treat these ideas as a start.
First up, recognise the road to the next elections starts today. Improving them will be an ongoing effort. It will require engagement, pressure and assistance, every year from now to 2022.
The chart above shows my estimates of Australian aid spending devoted to elections in PNG since 2002. As you can see, the post-2012 effort was inconsistent and less than previous elections.
This isnt the aid programs fault. In between aid cuts and the death of AusAID, it was a tumultuous time.
Even so, theres still a lesson from 2017: improving elections requires substantial, sustained engagement. It requires staff devoted to the task and it requires the steady accumulation of contextual knowledge.
I see my flag
I see Pride
I see Hope
we bleed, we suffer
the socio-economic injustice
we are neglected,
we are lost
our heritage at stake
yet we are precious
soaring like a kumul
we are always proud
in the face of darkness
we are shining stars
we have hope
All you children of this land
Happy 42nd Anniversary!
Papua New Guinea
|IndyWatch New Guinea News Feed Archiver|
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